Thursday, August 30, 2012

Out of the Jaws of Death

“Out of the jaws of death”

experienced by William and Sarah Macdougall, June/July 1914

  From diary entries of Leslie S. Macdougall and adapted by Joy Olney 2012.

On Monday 29 June 1914 Sarah Macdougall received a letter from King Island while staying at her sister Susie’s home “Melville House”, in Hobart.

The letter had been written three days after William A. Macdougall had met with an accident on their property “Lorne”(near Etterick River) towards evening. It appears William had driven thither with a cart load of stuff and had “outspanned”, but coming to the cart to unload he tripped over the belly-band and fell towards the cart, striking the bridge of his nose and injuring his back.  He was found by a passer-by, lying on the ground.  The passer-by rode to Currie and informed Olive and Ila and they came down, bringing the Doctor with them and arriving at “Lorne” at midnight.  The next day William was removed to the Cottage Hospital at Currie and passed the following night fairly well. The letter was then dispatched, so that no more information was available.

On Friday 3 July mail brought forth further word about William’s accident, showing it to have been much worse than had been at first supposed.  He had lain two days where he fell jambed in against the cart wheel before he was seen and given relief, and paralysis had set in.

The next available boat to King Island was expected to leave Launceston on Thursday 9 July.
Sarah proceeded to Launceston to travel on the SS “Wauchope”.  It did not leave the Launceston wharf until 8 o’clock Friday 10 July – she had been delayed through the boiler wanting repairs. Sarah went across in the ferry boat and boarded SS “Wauchope” at the cattle jetty.

Rev.Wills came to meet Sarah and said he was going to look after her and he proved to be a man of his word.  He made her comfortable in a chair on the deck, with his rug all round her and a motor-veil tied around her head.  When they got to the heads about 5p.m. it was then fearfully rough.  Sarah went to bed in her clothes, fortunately. She could not stand to get them off.

There was a child and two ladies in the cabin with Sarah.  The boat was crowded - 9 children and a lot of adults.  When they got to Burnie they took on a mother and father with five children, and a man and his two girls, they were now very crowded.  They started off  with 75 cattle and at Burnie put on something the same number and two horses.

The boat left Burnie about midnight and the weather was fearful.  They had to hang onto the hooks and sides of the bunks.  Crockery was banging, everything was on the move.  They thought they would never see land again, and strange to say, Sarah had a feeling that the sooner it was over the better.

SS “Wauchope” got under shelter of the Hunters Islands on the Saturday (Day 2) and stayed there the day and night.  During the next day (Day 3) they got to Frazer on the East Coast of King Island.  The waves were mountains high.  It was thought they would put the cattle over board.  Five had died.  The Captain tried to continue again and they got into Seal Bay, but could get no further, so dropped anchor there. They had to again return to Frazer (Day 4) as the anchor was dragging and it was not safe even with that number of cattle on board.  The ship rose with the mountain of waves and went down on its sides.  It was fearful and pouring rain and terrific wind and hail storms.  They ran out of water – only allowed a very little drop.  They had to keep some for the horses.  The poor cattle were without food and water.  They ran out of bread, no flour, and the last meal was salt pork and Haywood’s biscuits.  It was too rough to get tea carried and the poor stewardess was not well, but she did her best for Sarah.  Mr. Wills dragged himself to the cabin door when he could or get someone to go and see how Sarah was.  He was very attentive.  Sarah will never forget his kindness to her.

In the afternoon of Day 4 the Captain says it is most likely they will be at sea for days as he dared not attempt to try to get in.  They suggested a man be taken in a life boat and a horse being put over to swim ashore. The man would then ride to Currie across from the East Coast, about 30 miles, to get provisions sent to the boat. Mr.Wills came in to tell Sarah that he intended going in the life boat to see if he could get provisions.  He left Sarah with his rug and she watched him go.

The lifeboat returned to the boat after Mr.Wills reached the East Coast Jetty and to Sarah’s surprise Olive Macdougall was in the lifeboat with the sailors. She had ridden out in the storm to see if there was any sight of the boat on the other coast.  Olive said “Mother, have you nerve enough to come in the lifeboat?”  If not, you may be here for days”.  Sarah said “Yes, I will.”

Sarah was lifted by five sailors over the side of the boat and lowered into the lifeboat.  Olive steered, and Sarah was wrapped in Mr.Wills’ rug and the sailors covered her with oilskins.  They were like a cork on the water, up and down, but arrived safely on the Frazer Beach.  Sarah was carried by the sailors on to the beach.

Mr.Wills was there waiting for them and they started for Mr.Button’s house amongst the timber.  Mr.Button used to own “Lorne”.  Mrs.Button came on in all the rain to meet them and did everything for their comfort. She had a big fire, warm clothes and a hot meat tea ready for them.  They were dressed in the Button’s clothes. Olive had called by on her way and had had her lunch there.

Olive immediately went off to ride across country to get the butcher and baker to send out provisions to the boat in case they could not land.  Olive was a BRICK! She thinks of everything. She intends to bring a four-wheeler out to the Frazer to take Mr.Wills and Sarah to Currie on the West Coast. Sarah left the boat without a dress or hat and will not get anything till the boat gets to Currie, but meanwhile Mrs.Button will fix her up.

After three days and nights at sea Mr.Wills and Sarah were looking forward to rest, but neither slept a wink that night at Buttons. They were too upset. Sarah worried about Olive going through rough timber country at night in such a storm.  Olive arrived in Currie at 9p.m. after six hours on horseback in difficult circumstances.

The next morning (Day 5) Mr.Robinson arrived with a pair of horses and a four-wheeler, lots of rugs and clothing Mrs.Robinson had sent them. They lunched together with Mrs.Button and left for a journey Sarah will never forget.  The horses had to go through roads, mud and slush above the axles.  Sarah just shut her eyes and prayed to be safely taken to Currie.  In some parts Olive and Mr.Fred  walked up to their ankles in mud, so as to make it lighter for the horses.  They had Mr.Fred’s horse and our Dick.  Neither horse had ever been in a double-harness.  They had Mr. Attrill’s four-wheeler.  Olive drove and Mr.Fred used the whip. Sarah would have given anything for you to have seen Olive in a mackintosh strapped round her waist, leggings, and Mr.Fred’s soft felt hat tied on her head with string.  OLIVE WAS A MARVEL!  Mr.Wills and Sarah were on the back seat with mud splashed all over them. Sarah had a big cloth travelling hood belonging to Mrs.Fred and Aunt Suzie’s mackintosh over her coat.  Sarah had the presence of mind to wrap and pin the mackintosh around her in the boat.

Upon arriving at Currie Mr.Wills was left at Mr.Huxley’s and Sarah will stay at Mr.Ingham’s until she gets her things from the boat. They are truly thankful to have arrived safely in Currie.
Sarah was sick only once and that was while they were anchored, she lost a tooth, when and how she does not know, and she had a slight cough.

Wednesday 15 July (Day 6) weather very bad and still no sign of the boat.  They were safe but cannot get into the jetty as it was too dangerous amongst the reefs. Sarah and Mr.Wills are counting their blessings now they have safely landed, while the other poor creatures are still being tossed about and so ill.  Mr.Wills and Sarah are being looked upon as hero and heroine. The old Captain who says Sarah did a brave and dangerous thing to come by the lifeboat and travel by the fearful road in such weather.

Sarah is at last able to visit her husband William in the Cottage Hospital, Currie (16 days after hearing of his unfortunate accident). It will not do to excite him, so she must not stay for long.

William must have an iron constitution to have gone through what he has done and to be on the mend. His nose was smashed in, and now except that it is more of a “Roman” and that he cannot as yet use it, there will not be any disfigurement.  He can move his arms and he can eat.  So far his legs are useless.  It is hoped that he will get the use of his legs in a few weeks when they get the blood circulating again.  He was very comfortable.  There are no other patients in the hospital.  Ila and the Matron are attending to him. His great trouble is that he has no power to make water; it has to be taken away from him.  It looks so strange to see him there with dear old Hughie’s reading-stand fixed to his bed.  He can read now and that will make the time pass.  He has a big fire and all the comforts he can get.  Olive made him some jelly.  People are very good to him.  Ila is so pleased that she can continue nursing him.  She was determined she would not leave him.

Sunday 26 July, and a letter from Sarah to family in Hobart says that William is slightly better.  He can move his legs a little.  The left hand is not much use to him yet and his feet are helpless.
Everything has to be done for him.  He was very weary of the long time in bed, but is considered by all, Doctor included, as the wonder of the age. No one else thinks they could have held out so long.

The cry that William put all his strength into when he heard the man passing by on the road, he knew it was his last cry for help, as he could never have lived another hour.  He said he called all day and night for three days and when the man answered his call he could scarcely believe that such good luck could attend him.  The man went into “Lorne”and got some blankets and put them on him. The man could not touch William. He went off for help and fortunately met Tom Denby. The man (named Creasey and who works opposite “Pearshape”) went back to stay with William while Tom Denby went onto Langham’s and got Miss Langham, a nurse who was staying with her brother near the Ettrick River.  She and her brother went onto “Lorne”, Tom Denby went onto Bishoff’s, and Mr.Bishoff and his son went down to “Lorne” with hot-water bags, whisky, brandy, eggs, etc.  Mrs.Bishoff got a room ready at her house and the bed made warm in case it was too far for them to take William to the Hospital.  Tom Denby then went off for the Doctor and to the Lightfoots for the girls (Olive and Ila).  It was fortunate that the Lightfoots were having an evening and the girls were visiting so about 8 miles was saved.
Mr.Willie Lightfoot got the pair horses and four-wheeler and took the girls down, reaching “Lorne”at midnight (Wednesday 24 June, therefore the accident happened Sunday 21 June, 1914).  They only knew there was an accident and thought it was the acetylene gas, so you can imagine their feelings that long journey.

William had been put into bed and the fires in all the rooms and hot bottles all around him.  They dared not take his wet clothes off him until he was taken to the hospital at daylight. Strychnine was injected often and brandy given.  They dared not give him food. William said it was lovely to be in the bed warm.

The “party” got supper at “Lorne” in the early morning, cooked chops and sausages that William had taken down for his weeks supply.  They had to eat with their fingers and have basins as they could not find crockery or knives.

When they got William to Hospital the nurse had everything ready for the Doctor.  They had to cut his clothes off him.  He was not out of danger for more than a week.  The Doctor did not think it possible to pull him through. He thinks there is some injury to the spine but cannot say for certain until William gets his circulation back. It will be a very long time and he will never be the same strong man again. He will not be able to leave hospital for a very long time, it will be a lengthy illness. Later the Doctor will try the battery.  William says he has a feeling in his body of suffocation and like a band tight round his waist.

William has very little appetite.  Sarah is cooking all sorts of tempting things that she can take to him and friends are so kind, Mrs.Woods especially. She has sent William two turkeys, one duck, one fowl, pumpkin, egg, etc.  She sends them to Sarah, now that she and Ila are at the “Bungalow”, and Sarah cooks dainty dishes.  This morning William had giblets for breakfast, and broth for lunch, turkey for dinner and fish for tea. The next day Sarah cooked steamed fish and parsley sauce but William only ate a very tiny piece.  For lunch she cooked kangaroo-tail soup and a stuffed wing of turkey but he only took enough to taste. You cannot make him eat, he is stubborn about it.  Sarah is so near to the Hospital.  It does remind Sarah of poor Hughie’s spine trouble.  Sarah is there the best part of the day.  Mrs.Munroe has been very good.  She has sent four lots of beautiful fish.  Mr.Richardson, the Editor of the paper, came up yesterday to see if Sarah needed any wood chopped.  Mr.Fred Bowling came and had lunch with Sarah and William.

William has a chair fixed up with wheels and platform, and put in it for a little time every day. Mr.Batten has done it.  It takes two to lift him.  The maid is a big girl and she helps.

Mrs.Blake is looking after Sarah and says Sarah is to stay with her at night. Sarah is going to Church and enjoys Mr.Perkins preaching. She is feeling perfectly well and looking after herself with food as she knows it necessary to keep up her strength. Sarah is aware of the Haywood’s prayers at quarter to ten every night and thanks Charlie and Susie for praying for her safe journey, and William’s recovery.

News comes from King Island on 18 September that the injury William sustained at “Lorne” three months ago, and the subsequent exposure has resulted in the permanent loss of the use of his lower limbs and that therefore he will be unable to walk or work again.

William was 65, Sarah 64, and Olive 26 in 1914 when the accident happened.
The Macdougalls took up farming on King Island in 1901. “Dunollie” was bought mid 1901, just a hut near the Porky River 6 miles north of Currie. Hugh went with his father.
“Lorne” was bought March 1903 - known as the Ettrick property, 5 miles south of Currie where William.A.Macdougall and Hugh lived.
Sarah remained in Launceston running the family Drapers business until it was sold 23 April 1904. Sarah and the girls arrived on King Island to live 14 September 1904 after a small house was built at “Lorne”.          
Hugh got 1907, and was in Launceston Hospital permanently from September 1909 until his death on 7 August 1913. Sarah stayed with various friends in Launceston to be near Hugh from 1909.
Sarah frequently visited her sister Susie Haywood in Hobart, and still in Hobart in 1914 when William had his accident.
Daughters – Ruby, Olive, Ila and Gwen lived on King Island with the family at various times but Olive was “the farmer.” Olive later owned “Three Rivers” (on the main road between the airport and Currie) and retired to Naracoopa. She spent her last years in a Nursing Home in Lindisfarne She was very over weight, troubled with arthritis and unable to walk.
Son Leslie Macdougall visited King Island in 1908 and 1909. He took Beatrice and Winsome 1915. 
William was transferred from Currie, King Island to Launceston Hospital March 1916 for 6 months.
William and Sarah retired to “Renfrew” 14 Swan Street, New Town, Hobart on 19 October 1920.
William remained in a wheel chair for a total of 16 years until his death on 2 July 1930 at 81 years.
Sarah visited Olive on King Island many times before her death on 21 August 1941 at 91 years.

William Macdougall 77 years at his 50th wedding anniversary 15 April 1926
Sarah Macdougall
Sarah Macdougall flew from Melbourne to King Island 3 May 1934, met by Olive Macdougall

"Renfrew" Macdougall's retirement home at 14 Swan Street, New Town, Hobart 19 October 1920

Saturday, August 18, 2012

William A. & Sarah (Allason) Macdougall

 William Arthur and Sarah Ann Macdougall


William Arthur Macdougall 15 April 1849 - 2 July 1930

Sarah Ann Macdougall nee Allason 17 August 1850 - 21 August 1941

William A Macdougall Properties 1849 - 1930

15 April 1849 – Born at “Wattle Tree Lodge” Bathurst Street, Hobart.

1877 – Lived in a house in small street off Charles Street opposite Launceston Hospital a short time.

1878 - Lived in York Street next to “York House” a few months.

1877 - 1882 – Employed by R.D.Richards & Co at Soft Goods House, Launceston.

1878 - 1880 – Rented house from R.F.Robertson, Cataract Hill while building No.216.

1880 – Built house, corner 216 Charles & Canning Street, Launceston and lived there until 1884. Continued to own it and rented it out until 1920. Photo & Title transfer on file.

1881 – Opened Soft Goods Store at 86 George Street, Launceston, and continued to be Occupier until 1886. Owner Henry Yates.

1884 – Family moved to 86 George Street with residence above shop. Photo on file.

1880 - 29 October 1902 – W.A.Macdougall owned and rented out 58 (now 96) Frederick Street, Launceston. Put in L.S.Macdougall’s name when infant with W.A.Macdougall as Guardian. Sells to Mr. Grubb 1902.  Photo on file.

January 1903 Trevally house – W.A.Macdougall takes a loan on house as equity.

1887 - 1903 – W.A.Macdougall owner of 86 George Street, Launceston.

23 April 1904 – Sold business at 86 George Street, Launceston. 23 May 1904 – Left shop.

House built 1880 - Corner (216) Charles & Canning Streets, Launceston. Photo in "Tasmanian Mail" 30 May 1908
Macdougalls lived there 1880 - 1884, sold 1920
216 Charles Street, Launceston, Medical Centre 2005

Macdougall's Draper Shop, 86 George Street, Launceston 1881 - 1904
Macdougall's Draper shop with residence above at 86 George Street, Launceston in 2005

1880 - 1902 Rental property 58 (now 96) Frederick Street, Launceston in 2005

1901 – Bought “Dunollie” on King Island. 6 miles north of Currie on Porky River. William and Hugh go to King Island to live.

March 1903 – Bought “Lorne” on King Island, 12 miles south of Currie on Ettrick River.

September 1904 – Sarah and girls shifted to “Lorne” King Island.

Macdougalls at home "Lorne" on King Island 9 September 1908

Macdougalls at home "Lorne" on King Island 9 September 1908

27 August 1912 –Transfered “Lorne” which W.A.Macdougall held in L.S.Macdougall’s name since he was young.

1913 - 29 April 1926 – W.A.Macdougall owns 5 acres of land on Tamar foreshore, east side, at Dilston.

17 July 1916 - 17 July 1917 – rented “Bleak House, Hobart.

17 July 1917 - 19 October 1920 – rented “Roslyn” 12 Swan Street, North Hobart

19 October 1920 – William and Sarah bought “Renfrew” 14 Swan Street, North Hobart as their retirement home. Photo & Title on file.

2 July 1930 - William Macdougall died at home.

Retirement home "Renfrew" 14 Swan Street, North Hobart.  William sat in his wheelchair looking out window top storey.

Macdougall Family at King Island – as per Rev.Leslie S.Macdougall’s diaries

22 May 1900 – Olive went to King Island (aged 12) for 1 month and stays with Mr. Bowling
at Wickham.

23 October 1900 – Hugh (19) went to King Island for 2 weeks on an explorative trip.
Ruby (18) went to King Island 1-2 months and stayed with Mrs.Francis Stephenson.

2 November 1900 – Hugh has been to King Island for 2 weeks and wants to settle there.

13 & 20 November 1900 – William A Macdougall went to King Island.

5 December 1900 – William A.Macdougall and Hugh to buy land at King Island.

Mid 1901 – W.A.Macdougall bought property at King Island – “Dunolly", with just a hut near Porky River 6 miles north of Currie”. Hugh went to King Island.

6 August 1901 – W.A.Macdougall still living in tent.

14 August 1901 – W.A.Macdougall and Hugh working hard.

31 October 1901 – Sarah Macdougall will go to King Island in new year (1902).

29 October 1902 – Read letter from W.A.Macdougall.  He is back in Launceston while Sarah and Gwen go for 1 month.  Hugh enjoys King Island.  William wants to sell his rental house at 58 Frederick Street, Launceston (which he bought in Leslie’s name as an infant) to Mr. Grubb.

2 March 1903 – Olive to go to King Island.

23 March 1903 – “Lorne”, the family home where William lives. A 2 bedroom house 24 feet x 12 feet, with living room, bedroom for William and Sarah, and bedroom for Olive who wants to be house keeper. They have 10 cows.  “Lorne” is in Parish of Kittawa and 5 miles south of Currie on Ettrik River.  Read letter.

2 February 1904 – Hugh, Olive, Gwen (visiting a while). Gwen enjoys garden, flowers, vegetables and kitten “Fritz”.

23 April 1904 – Sale of Macdougall Drapers business at 86 George Street, Launceston.

23 May 1904 – Macdougalls leave 86 George Street for good.

14 December 1904 – All (except Leslie) at King Island now. Read letter.  Tenant in house at 216 Charles Street, Launceston.

24 October 1907 – Hugh in Launceston Hospital.

2 to 21 September 1908 – Leslie in King Island - been 7 years since seeing his folks.

19 September 1909 – Hugh has a serious spinal injury.

23 September 1909 – Leslie visits King Island – all concerned about Hugh.

9 December 1909 – Hugh in Launceston Hospital and encased in plaster.

24 March 1910 – Leslie visits King Island.

8 April 1910 – Leslie visits Hugh in Launceston Hospital.

30 October – 3 November 1910 – Hugh’s condition extremely grave.

25 April 1911 – Leslie visits Hugh in Launceston Hospital.

24 February 1912 – Leslie visits Hugh in Launceston Hospital.

27 August 1912 – “Lorne” which W.A.Macdougall holds in Leslie’s name to be transferred into William’s name – Land Department.

7 August 1913 – Hugh dies in Launceston Hospital.

20 August and 4 September 1913 – William Macdougall in Launceston and Hobart.

Mid 1913 – Gwen in King Island.

13 March to 9 June 1914 Gwen in New Norfolk with Leslie and Beatrice Macdougall.

1914 - Ruby and Gwen Macdougall in Hobart.

1913 and 1914 – Sarah Macdougall in Hobart.

29 June 1914 – Sarah receives news in Hobart about William’s accident at “Lorne”.

10 July 1914 – Sarah leaves Launceston for King Island (4 days at sea). 
Sarah reaches William 16 days after accident.  William was unable to ever walk again and spent the next 16 years in a wheel chair. Read “Out of the Jaws of Death” blog.

21 March 1916 – William transferred to Launceston Hospital (for 5 and a half months).

4 September 1916 – William left hospital after accident in June 1914.
William and Sarah Macdougall live at “Bleak House” 17 July 1916 – 17 July 1917.

17 July 1917 – 19 October 1920 – William and Sarah Macdougall live at “Roslyn”
12 Swan Street, North Hobart.

13 April 1918 – Olive buys another dairy farm at Surprise Bay, King Island.

21 February 1919 – Olive buys Cowen’s farm at Sea Elephant River, King Island
7 1/2 miles from Currie.

16 July 1920 – Macdougalls want to sell “Lorne” on King Island.

19 October 1920 – William and Sarah retire to “Renfrew” 14 Swan Street, North Hobart.

May 1921- October 1922 - Olive and Ettie in Gisborne, N.Z. where Ettie’s family live.

4 October 1922 – Olive and Ettie (Edith) D’Arcy take on Ball’s Farm, King Island on a 99 year lease from Repatriation Department.

2 July 1930 – William Macdougall died.

9 July 1930 – “Lorne” given to Leslie (read 7 and 9 July) – not included in estate.

1 August 1930 – Leslie accepts Olive’s offer of 300 pounds for “Lorne”.

3 January 1931 - Olive buys “Lorne” and Leslie out of debt.

7 June 1932 – Olive sells “Lorne” for 500 pounds.

Sarah and William Macdougall celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary with family on 15 April 1926

William & Sarah Macdougall 15 April 1926

Obituary – Mr.W.A.Macdougall 2 July 1930

With tragic suddenness the death occurred at his home, 14 Swan Street, Hobart on Wednesday night of Mr.William Arthur Macdougall, at the age of 82 years.  Mr.Macdougall was known in many parts of the State, he having taken up residence successively at Bellerive, Hobart, Launceston, King Island and Hobart.  In the latter years of his life he was confined to an invalid’s chair, as a result of an accident while he was on King Island.  Mr.Macdougall was seated at his evening meal on Wednesday when he expired.

The late Mr.Macdougall spent his early life at Bellerive, with his parents and after a short period of residence in Hobart, a few years later, he entered the service of the late Mr.W.F.Brownell.  After his marriage he went to Launceston to take charge of a business and settled there, and after a few years set himself up in business as a draper in the Northern city.  He remained in the North for several years, but when settlement began on King Island he sold his business and went to the island, interesting himself in cattle-raising.  During his residence on the island he met with a serious accident.  Walking from his main farm to another pasture, he tripped over a chain of a chaise cart, was rendered unconscious.  He was in that state for several hours.  Medical assistance was sought at Currie Hospital and it was found that his spine was injured.  The injuries attendant upon the accident were present until his death – a period of some 16 years. Mr.Macdougall after a period in the Launceston Public Hospital, returned to Hobart with his family.

Grand Lodge Work
The late Mr.Macdougall was a prominent member of the Masonic Order, his outstanding work in this connection being in the Grand Lodge of Tasmania.  He was one of the founders of the Grand Lodge, and was one of its first officers.  He held office as Deputy Grand Master in 1895.  It is noteworthy that Mr.Macdougall was one of the few surviving officers of the Grand Lodge in its infancy, amongst being Sir.Elliott Lewis and Alderman E.J.Rogers C.M.G.

Mr.Macdougall is survived by his widow, four daughters, one of whom is the wife of Hon.W.H.Calvert M.L.C. and one son, the Rev.L.S.Macdougall, of the Peace Memorial Methodist Church, East Malvern, Victoria.

The funeral will arrive at Cornelian Bay cemetery at 3.15pm today.

(Notice published in “The Mercury” Friday 4 July 1930, page 12).

In 2007 Peter & I took a week out to explore King Island where my Great Grandparents were pioneer farmers in the early 1900s.


It was an unreal experience to walk in their footsteps 100 years later.  We were able to find the properties owned by the Macdougalls - "Dunollie" in Hardys Road, 6 miles north of Currie and "Lorne" on Ettrick River, 11 miles south of Currie.

"Dunollie" - Macdougall's property Hardy's Road, 9 kms north of Currie on King Island bought 1901

Hugh Macdougall's property in Hardy's Road on King Island

"Lorne" Macdougall's property bought 1903 on Ettrick River King Island where William had his accident in 1914

"Lorne" property South Road 11kms south of Currie on Ettrick River bought 1903 & sold 1932

Peter at "Dripping Wells" waterfall trickling over limestone stalactite formation at "Lorne"

"Three Rivers" the property Olive Macdougall owned on King Island
King Island, Tasmania

Most of the above information has been gained from reading my Grandpa's diaries. I suggest you read my other blogs about Rev L.S.Macdougall who wrote extensive diaries from 1895 - 1948 and his wife Beatrice 1953 - 1978.
I have compiled a 10 GB presentation that is available by emailing Joy Olney at

Friday, August 17, 2012

Archibald C. & Sarah (Calvert) Macdougall 

 My Great Great Grandfather Archibald Macdougall

Archibald Campbell Macdougall was the 5th child of Captain John Macdougall and his wife Davinia, and only 6 years of age when his father was deported to Van Diemen's Land. He grew up in Hobart, Tasmania.  Born 26 September 1815 in Scotland and died 2 April 1870 in Prahran, Melbourne.
Archibald married Sarah Calvert on 9 September 1837 at St.David's Cathedral, Hobart. 
Sarah gave birth to 11 children, but only 4 sons and 1 daughter survived.

Archibald Campbell Macdougall married Sarah Calvert at St.David's Cathedral 9 September 1837

Interior St David's Cathedral, Hobart


Archibald C Macdougall agrees to Home Allotment 20 December 1831

Survey Office,
20 December 1831

Dear Sir,

In locating the Allotment in Wellington Buildings I hereby pledge myself that I will within 4 months from this date make a footpath nine feet wide along those sides of the Allotment which are bounded by Streets, and I will enclose the same with a good paling fence those sides which front streets being of sawed stuff, That I will commence the erection of a Brick or Stone House with a frontage of not less than Forty five feet within the same period.  Keeping the line of front at a distance of not less than twelve feet from the street or streets, That I will complete this Building (as far as regards the  appearance, within two years from this date, That I will within that period spend at least the erection of Building One Thousand Pounds and That I will not alienate the allotment within the same period of two years but will myself make the improvements required.

I have the honour to be Sir,

Your Obedient Servant,

John Macdougall
Per A. Macdougall

To The Surveyor General.

(A copy of the handwritten letter is on file, but typed out for easier reading).

Wesleyan Missions Poster - Printers Murray & Macdougall 1829

Archibald was a Printer and Publisher like his father and brother. He managed the Launceston paper "The Examiner" where he met Sarah Calvert. He left Van Diemen's Land and arrived in Adelaide on "Lady Emma" on 19 March 1838 with his printing press - the first printing press in South Australia. He published the "Southern Australian" with its first issue in June 1838, in competition with the "South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register".

Colonel William Light (1786 - 1839) was the Founder of Adelaide.  Archibald Macdougall published William Light's rare book "A brief Journal and Australian Diaries" in 1839.

In 1840 Archibald gained the Government printing contract, but this would eventually force him into bankruptcy when the government dishonoured a bill of nearly 1000 pounds.

John Campbell Macdougall's widow Mary Ann enticed Archibald to leave Adelaide and return to Hobart to manage the "Colonial Times" after Archibald's father John Macdougall died in 1845, and his older brother John Campbell died in 1848. This he did after disposing of his Adelaide property.
He brought the "Colonial Times" business into a state of success, but when he expected his reward (a partnership), the widow did not keep her word and from that estranged relationship Archibald left and went to Victoria.  "Colonial Times" was sold when Mary Ann Macdougall married Mr K Robribb in 1855 and moved to Melbourne.

Archiblad Macdougall printed and published the famous book "The Life and Adventures of William Buckley" 1852 in Hobart.  Author John Morgan. A story of a wanderer for thirty two years amongst the Aborigines of the then unexplored country around Port Philip, now the province of Victoria. The saying "You have two hopes - buckleys and none" comes from this story. He also published "The Wild White Man and the Blacks of Victoria" by James Bonwick in 1852 in Hobart.

The Life and Adventures of William Buckley, published by Archibald Macdougall 1852

In January 2013 I found the cave that William Buckley lived in for some time. It is below the Point Lonsdale Lighthouse.  If you want to explore for yourself, take the track to the beach from the Point Lonsdale Lighthouse and turn left. It is immediately under the Lighthouse.  You cannot enter the cave as it is barred up but good to find it.  We enjoyed our lunch on the beach and pondered what it would have been like for William Buckley in those early days.

William Buckley's cave at Point Lonsdale
William Buckley's cave at Point Lonsdale

Archibald and family tried their hand unsuccessfully at finding gold in Castlemaine around 1856 after leaving Hobart.

The family came to Prahran were Archibald worked for "The Argus", managed the "Prahran Chronicle" and started "The Advertiser" in Prahran in late 1860s.

Archibald Macdougall died suddenly of pleuro-pneumonia on 2 April 1870, aged 55 years. He was living at Eastbourne Street, Prahran and buried at St.Kilda Cemetery, Melbourne. Below is his Will written 24 March 1870, just 9 days before his death.

Will and Testament of Archibald Macdougall

This is the last Will and Testament of me Archibald Macdougall of Eastbourne Street in the Borough of Prahran in the Colony of Victoria, Printer.  I give to my dear wife all my household furniture and personal affects in my home.  I give and devise to my sons Archibald Henry Macdougall and John Campbell Macdougall the remainder of my personal estate on trust to invest same in Government or real securities or on freehold estate and pay the annual income and profits thereof unto my dear wife during her life and after her decease in trust to divide the said trust estate equally between and amongst all my children for each of them sole and separate use and benefit, and I appoint the said Archibald Henry Macdougall and John Campbell Macdougall executors of this my Will.  In witness whereof I the said Archibald Macdougall have to this my last Will and Testament set my hand this twenty fourth day of March one thousand eight hundred and seventy.         Signed by A.Macdougall
Signed acknowledgement published and declared by said Testator as and of his last will in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other present at the same time have here unto set our names as witnesses the interlineation initialled – having been first made –       Signed by John Oldham, Melbourne and John Eccleston, Wesleyan Minister South Yarra.
This is the Will marked A referred to in the annexed affidavit of John Oldham sworn before me this day Fourteenth day of April AD 1870.      
 Signed by John ?ailey.  A Commissioner of the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria for taking affidavits.

In the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction
In the Will of Archibald Macdougall late of Eastbourne Street in the Borough of Prahran in the said Colony, Printer.
I, John Oldham of No.43 Bourke Street West in the city of Melbourne in the said Colony one of the attornies of this Honorable Court make oath and say -
1.  That the above named Archibald Macdougall late of Eastbourne Street in the Borough of Prahran in the said Colony, Printer, deceased made his will bearing date the twenty fourth day of March one thousand eight hundred and seventy and hereby appointed his sons Archibald Henry Macdougall of Sandhurst in the said Colony, Salesman and John Campbell Macdougall of Castlemaine in the said Colony, Salesman, Trustees and Executors thereof.
2.  That the said Will is hereunto annexed marked with the letter A.
3.  That the said will was executed by the said Archibald Macdougall in the presence of me and one John Eggleston, a Wesleyan Minister, that we were both present at the same time and at the request of the said Archibald Macdougall in his presence and in the presence of each other we subscribed our names as witnesses attesting the due execution of the said Will.
4.  That all the alterations and interlineations in the said Will were made by me at the request of the said Testator and before he signed the same.
Sworn at the said City of Melbourne this Fourteenth day of April in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy         Before me   Signed  John ?ailey.       A Commissioner of the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria for taking affidavits

(A copy of the hand written Will and Testament is on file, but typed out for easier reading). 

Archibald Campbell Macdougall  26 September 1815 - 2 April 1870 with son Archibald Henry Macdougall

Sarah Macdougall, wife of A C Macdougall 20 September 1815 - 10 July 1882
Archibald Henry Macdougall 16.February 1841 - 18 August 1895

Archibald Henry Macdougall with son Archibald Wm.Walter Macdougall 1867 - 1936

Wednesday, August 15, 2012

My convict - John Macdougall 

 I am proud of my convict ancestor - Captain John Macdougall (1781 - 1845)

In times past people were ashamed of having a convict ancestor, but these days it is something to be proud of.  Having read my Grandpa's diaries there is no indication that he was aware his Great Grandfather was a convict. With opportunities these days to do research I have discovered the "truth".

There was a booklet written by Walter C.Macdougall in 1914 "Family History of the Macdougalls, (1783-1914).  Walter was the grandson of Captain John Macdougall - our Convict.  Walter writes about his Grandfather being a sea merchant and sailing the seas to eventually end up in Van Diemen's Land in 1821. He secured land and sent for his family.

Reality is that Captain John Macdougall was tried in the Supreme Court of Admiralty in Edinburgh, Scotland on 12 May 1821 and given a Life Sentance.  He was transported on "Lord Hungerford", departing England 1 July 1821 and arriving Hobart Town 26 December 1821.

Captain John Macdougall, having being involved in a complicated court action over the insurance of a small vessel sunk in the North Sea in 1815, was accused of "sinking a ship".  He pleaded his innocency.

John was given a "Conditional Pardon" on 15 September 1834 (see letter written 24 January 1825 requesting a "Free Pardon"). With a conditional pardon one is technically free, but could not leave the Colony until the expiry of his original sentence imposed (Life!).

John was granted a "Free Pardon" on 6 September 1835. Free Pardon means forgiving someone of a crime. This however did not allow him the freedom to return to his homeland of Scotland (see letter written requesting this on 13 September 1836).

John's father was Sir John Macdougall in Scotland. It appears John Macdougall's wife Davinia came to Hobart with their 7 children sometime between 1822 -1825. The eldest son John Campbell Macdougall married widow Sarah Whyte on 31 May 1825 at St.David's Cathedral, Hobart. Sarah died soon after giving birth to a daughter. John Campbell Macdougall married Mary Anne Butler and they had 7 children, the youngest being born 10 weeks after his father's death.

The Macdougall family were respectable and valued citizens in the new Colony. They were well known for their involvement in the Printing industry.  (Captain) John Macdougall and his son John Campbell Macdougall were Owners and Editors of many newspapers in Tasmania from 1825 - 1848, primarily the "Colonial Times". Another son Archibald Macdougall was a Printer in Hobart, Adelaide and Melboune, and his grandson Walter C.Macdougall was a Printer in Balmain, Sydney ("Balmain Observer").

(Captain) John Macdougall died suddenly 17 November 1845 and his son John C.Macdougall died suddenly 21 July 1848. Wife Mary Ann Macdougall continued with the "Colonial Times" until 1855 when she remarried and settled in Melbourne.

The Print Museum in Hobart gives valuable information on the Printing Industry in Hobart.

"Colonial Times" owned by Macdougalls 1839 - 1855

"Austral-Asiatic Review" owned by Macdougalls 1829 - 1830

"The Trumpeter" owned by Macdougalls 1838 - 1848

Included in this blog are a number of letters relating to Captain John Macdougall and his son John C.Macdougall.

(Captain) John Macdougall (1781 – 1845) requested "Free Pardon" from Honourable Colonel Governor Arthur 24 January 1825 (given "Conditional Pardon" 15 September 1834 and "Free Pardon" 6 September 1835)


Unto the Honourable Colonel Arthur Governor of Van Dieman’s Land.
The Petition of John Macdougall
Humbly Sheweth…

That the Petitioner as owner of the Brigantine “Friends”, was Capitally tried in Edinburgh before the Judge Admiral in May 1821 for having advised the master of that vessel to sink her in the German ocean in the year 1816 – that the Jury returned a verdict “guilty of the offence at Common Law” and that sentence of transportation for life to these Colonies was passed upon the Petitioner.

The Petitioner was not owner of the vessel subsequent to the month of May 1814, and he denies having given the advice imputed to him, nay he believes the vessel was fairly lost, to which the master and mate, the infamous witnesses who appeared against the Petitioner on his trial and (yet) all the crew swore before the constituted authorities at the time she was lost, am as the Petitioner has the power of appeal reserved for him before the High Court of Justiciary in Scotland, he pledges himself as a gentleman which title he cannot give up tho at present labouring in a miserable situation to prove to the world if it is the Will of Providence to give him the opportunity and the means;  which appeal would have been made at the time but the verdict of the Jury taking away the felony the underwriters became creditors levied on the Petitioners estate left him penniless and his family in want.  But thanks to the British Government, which he has always revered and supported to the utmost of his power, and from whom he has received such kindness not only during his confinement in Britain but also on the passage and since he came to this Colony, that dear, and affectionate family he hopes verily twice in this place an order for them having been sent home last year by the Deveon Captain Wilson, whom he trusts he will yet be able to restore to their former rank, the thing nearest his heart as far as concerns the things of this world.

The Petitioner is aware that the greater proportion of those sent here are not to be believed, but there are among them that abhors a lie, he is aware that in your honor’s public capacity you are bound to consider all those sent here under the Law guilty: he is also aware of the service necessary before colonial or absolute freedom is granted.  But he humbly begs to say that there is no general rule without exception, and that although the law is just, and good, yet in the administration, there are circumstances to which it cannot reach, and to which some consideration is due.

The case of the Petitioner is very public, he being himself much known in the commercial world as the House of John Macdougall, his other partners being Colonel John Campbell of Achinwilline near Rothesay well known to the Governor in chief the Petitioner thinks and Arch.MacGibbon Esq. Inveraray, both dead, so that nothing but the truth is set forth by him, and Mr.Cunningham, ship builder in Sydney being one of the Petitioner’s Jury men who now known tho he did not then how ill the Petitioner was used.

The Petitioner takes the liberty to submit the accompanying papers to your honors perusal from among many more which are couched in too strong language, and he being now above three years in this colony during which period he has given no trouble to Government; he has offered no person intentionally or to his knowledge, and humbly trusting that his conduct has met the approbation of the Constituted authorities he ventured to appeal to your honors goodness for so much freedom as will legalise his industry and procure him the means of gaining the object next to his heart, the overturning of the fabric of Villainy under which he is now lying, so soon as his conduct will be found to justify full freedom.  And your honor in this recommending the Petitioner to his Excellency will confer a Boon on an individual where gratitude will be as lasting, as he feels measurable in his present situation in many respects worse than death.

May it therefore please your honor this application into your honors gracious consideration, and your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray.

John Macdougall
Hobart Town
24 January 1825

(A copy of the handwritten letter is on file but typed out for easier reading).


(Captain) John Macdougall given a "Free Pardon" from His Excellency Colonel George Arthur Lieutenant Governor of Van Dieman’s Land 6 September 1835, thanks him for restoring his freedom, and requests permission to return to Scotland

Hobart Town
13 September 1836


Your incessant engagements at this time prevent my waiting in person upon Your Excellency for the purpose of tendering my most sincere and grateful thanks, and those of every member of my family, for your kindness in restoring me to the blessing of freedom, and of wishing Yourself, Your Lady and family a safe, comfortable, and speedy passage home, where you will soon enjoy the satisfaction of knowing that your Government of this Colony will be properly appreciated.

I avail myself of this opportunity to state that some part of my Patrimonial estate in Scotland has remained in statu quo since I left that Country, and which requires my personal presence before it can be in any way arranged. As it may be of considerable ultimate importance to my family, and as my health has declined rapidly these last few years, I am extremely anxious to make the attempt at bringing about such arrangement as early as possible.

I therefore earnestly solicit that Your Excellency will be graciously pleased to complete my pardon, so as I may be enabled to leave here in February or March next, and be in Scotland in the months of July and August 1837 as I fear I could not stand the rigors of that climate at a later period.

If this request meets Your Excellency’s approbation it will confer an additional favour on

Your Excellency’s
Ever grateful
And most obedient servant

John Macdougall

(A copy of the handwritten letter is on file, but it has been typed out for easier reading).

(Captain) John Macdougall (1783 1845) requests town allotment 26 May 1822

Unto the Honourable the Lieutenant Governor of Van Dieman’s Land.

The Petition of John Macdougall. 

Humbly sheweth

that your Petitioner has wrote for his family to come to this Colony, and having the means now in his power he begs leave to solicit from your honor a town allotment to build a house for their occupation.  May it therefore please your honor to take your Petitioners application into your favourable consideration and your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray.

John Macdougall
Hobart Town
26 May 1822

Political Views of John & John C Macdougall 23 August 1827  in Letter to Honourable Colonial Secretary of Van Dieman's Land

Hobart Town
23 August 1827

Dear Sir,  
I am informed a report is circulated that I am interested in the Tasmanian newspaper, with which of course His Excellency is displeased, if the former were true I would justly expect the latter; But as my son is Proprietor there are some grounds for suspicion, and I therefore consider it a duty I save myself and my family to make the following statement which I request you will have the goodness to lay before his Excellency.

By the most assidious and honest industry with strict economy even parsimony, and a little borrowed money I was enabled some years ago to purchase a piece of ground in Liverpool Street, and build a house with the front and one end in stone which I afterwards exchanged with Mrs. Whyte now my daughter in law for that which I hold in Elizabeth Street. Some time after I was advised to borrow money on this property to finish a foolishly expensive home which was formerly partly begun, this advice I took and have since much repented. The seat of what I let not being equal to the Demand for interest and the support of a large family I was obliged to let the whole with a view of renting a farm and stock in the country till I could recover myself – I therefore let my house to Mr.Howe on a lease of 3 years at 80 Pounds per annum and Mortgaged the house to meet my present engagements - before Mr.Howe wasting in Popepion.   It was reported to me that he intended to leave the Colony and my lease unsatisfied, my patience being exhausted.  I awaited upon him about fourteen days ago and having learned the fact I desired him to find  . . . for the due performance of the lease – he replied he hoped that once three Gentlemen with whom he was in treaty viz M.Neal, M.Gillies and R..L.Murray to sell his  …...and would take the …. . atic, I said either of the first two would be accepted but the last could not be a tenant of mine, some days passed but nothing continually in a state of intoxication, in the course of this time my called upon me to say he had been in conversation with M. Neal and had some thoughts of purchasing the press and become my tenant if I had not objection, I stated that I considered it improper and requested him to apply to his Excellency for …., he replied that he had no interest and that from the inquiries he had made he conceived there were more applicants than situations in that quarter, and that he did not like to be idle besides he had reason to believe he could make a livelihood with this …., but that I might not be uneasy besides securing me a good tenant he was also assuring  me this.  Journal would be no longer what is called an  opposition journal, that he would not touch politics nor have any connection with any of its former Editors, he supposed he had given me unequivocal proof of his friendly sentiments towards Government.  In these circumstances I consented to receive him in place of Howe to which my assignee in the lease has made no objections.  To this declaration I am confident he will honourable adhere, and I confess I feel no small pleasure that one of my family has strove a political enemy I had almost said a …out of the field and replaced him with a neutral if not an ally of Government, which I humbly trust will meet his Excellencie’s approbation.

With respect to my political sentiments they were long well known in my correspondence with the minister Pitt and his able follower Percival and they have and never will alter, although the shock I have lately received has rendered me unfit for any thing else than adhering to my former principles, and these are in some measure confirmed by a few testimonials which I took the liberty of sending his Excellency soon after his arrival in this Colony and still remain with him.  In the course of my experience I found my four opposition papers, whose motives were not those of ambition party spirit, in the language of spleen or disappointment; but in this Colony ambition, disappointment and revenge, generally language for fit for Billingsgate than a public……and are calculated to…… than edify and reform a population the bulk of whom are already labouring under the dreadful effects of invetrate evil habits.  In a word let me assure your .. ..that there is not an individual in the Colony who is more satisfied with, or more friendly to his Excellencies person and Government than myself and in making this declaration I have no other motive than honesty and truth.

In confirmation of my intentions of retiring to the country I now state that I have been treating with Mr.Cumming to rent his farm and stock at Swanport and so soon as the lambs are ready for marketing it is likely we shall close, if his Excellency will grant permission for my going.

Having thus stated without disguise my real sentiments I trust and believe that no invidious report will prejudice his Excellency against an unfortunate old man, who is not only indifferent to Politics, but the whole world further than that is necessary for the support of himself and family, and to remove the disgrace under which the .…and respecting which I have wrote his Excellency my sentiments; and so soon as I am possessed of the means of making appeal, and liberty to do it, I shall prove to the world that what I say is right, although I have a dreadfull case of underwriting another interest to contend with, and the more anxious for this on account of my family and myself.

I am Honoured Sir,
With the most sincere respect,
Your very obedient and humble servant,
John Macdougall

To the Honourable
The Colonial Secretary
Of Van Diemens Land.
NB:  J.Macdougall, 23 August 1827. Declaration of his political opinion disavowing any concern with the Tasmanian Paper.

(Copy of the handwritten letter is on file, but typed out for easier reading)

John C Macdougall – offers house as Public Offices 26 January 1828

Tasmanian Office,
26 January 1828


Having been informed that Government are in want of Public Offices, I beg leave to offer to you my House in Elizabeth Street, now occupied by Messrs.Schultze & Co.; which will be found on inspection, in every way suited for that purpose.

If you should think proper to entertain this offer, I will receive payment in Land.

I am Sir,
Most respectfully,
Your most obedient servant,

To The Honorable
Colonial Secretary

Macdougall's Printing Offices in 1850s, then from 1875 C.D.Haywood & Co operated their biscuit business from the same premises at 44 Melville Street, Hobart for many years, living next door at "Hazelmere".

There is an interesting coincidence with regards to this property. The Macdougall's Printing Office operated from this location in 1850s. C.D.Haywood & Co. operated their biscuit business from the same location twenty five years later at 44 Melville Street, Hobart and lived next door at "Hazelmere". The lane on the right backed onto "Excelsior Steam Biscuit Factory" at 135-139 Elizabeth Street, Hobart. John Macdougall's grandson William Macdougall married Sarah Allason, the sister of Charles Haywood's wife Suzannah Allason.

Wesleyan Missions Poster - Printers Murray & Macdougall 1829

John Macdougall – Tasmanian Brewery 10 March 1833

Hobart Town,
10 March 1833


Having commenced the Tasmanian Brewery I will require a quantity of coals – I called on Capt. Momartey this morning to know if I can be supplied by Government – He replied there were now above 800 tons above ground asloping main and a cargo just landed but he had no authority and refered me to you – I therefore take the liberty of troubling you to say I may require about 100 …….If I may be supplied with that quantity I require, may I have three tons next week and a few tons afterwards by every vessel as they arrive so as to save expense of cartage – Terms Cash – I await the favour of your reply and I am respectfully Sir,

Your obedient servant,

John Macdougall

J. Montague Esq.
Colonial Secretary
Van Diemens Land

Macdougall & Stracey – Auctioneers 28 December 1835

December 28 1835


In tending our services as Government Auctioneers from the 1st July last for one year we had special reference to the Gazette Notice No.127 dated 28th May, wherein it is stated that the contracting party shall sell by Auction such public property as is required to be disposed of by the Civil Government generally.

As we understand the Government is about to dispose of Land by Lease & other ways, we beg leave to state that we are accordingly waiting instruction and orders to attend such sale.

We are respectfully Sir,

Your Obedient Servants,

Macdougall & Stracey

To I.Montagu Esq.
Colonial Secretary.

John Macdougall – Rivulet flood 10 May 1836

Hobart Town,
10 May 1836


The late flood having carried away and thenways damaged the greater part of my boundary wall on the town Rivulet in Elizabeth Street, and having been informed that His Excellency has been generously pleased  ……..Mr. Kemp and others who suffered in a similar manner on that occasion to rebuild their walls, I beg leave to……. the loan of a mason and two labourers to rebuild mine.  I therefore request you will save the goodness to lay my application before His Excellency for his favourable consideration.

I am most respectfully Sir

Your very Obedient Servant,

John Macdougall

J.Montagu Esq.
Colonial Secretary

Letter to G. Frankland Esq., Surveyor General from John Campbell Macdougall (1804 – 1848) requesting 100 acres at Pittwater for a Punt 22 September 1836


Melville Street,
Hobart Town
22 September 1836


I believe you are aware of the Location Order for 5 acres of land at the Lower Settlement of Pittwater granted by Lieut. Governor Sorell to one James Honey in order to establish a Punt Ferry at that place.  I sent you some considerable time ago, the papers connected therewith, which after being submitted to Mr. Stephen were returned to Mr. Young, Solicitor.  In accordance with that Order a house was built, a large garden enclosed, several suitable boats and a large Punt provided, in short a complete Ferry Establishment set a going.  The money required for this purpose (above 400 pounds, the Punt alone having cost nearly 190 pounds) was furnished by my late wife and myself on the security of the property.  Honey did not succeed and gave it up, it was then let to George McKirdy, after him to Mr. Reed and others, and is now occupied by a party on my account but in consequence of a severe storm and the want of a jetty to keep the boats safe, the Punt was swept away in the night, and at that searched for at considerable expense, could never apparently be found.  From the want of a Punt, the public have since been compelled to go round by the Coal River, making the distance more than double, and the business of the Ferry has been therefore almost lost.

I will not presume to point out to you, who are better aware of it than myself, the great want of a proper ferry establishment there, and the public good such would effect, but I will take the liberty of submitting, through you, the following proposition to His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor. 

That if His Excellency will be pleased to locate to me fifty acres of land on each side of the river, the one fifty acres adjoining, and the other fifty acres opposite to my present five acres allotment.  I shall engage to build a proper Jetty on the north side, houses of entertainment up each side, and establish a Punt and other suitable boats, the Government sending a group of men to erect a basket and rubble stone jetty on the south side.

I feel confident you will readily recommend my proposition to His Excellency’s favourable consideration, and waiting the favor of an early reply.

I have the honor to be most respectfully Sir,

Your very,


(A copy of the handwritten letter is on file but typed out for easier reading).

To His Excellency Colonel George Arthur, Lieutenant Governor of Van Diemens Land and its dependencies

The Memorial of John Campbell Macdougall of Hobart Town 23 September 1836

Respectfully Sheweth...

That your Memorialist arrived here a Free Settler about eleven years and a half ago, having with him a considerable capital, which he invested in business as a Brewer, having erected that very extensive brewery establishment in Liverpool Street, now in the management of Mr. D. McArthur for your Memorialist, and expended altogether upwards of two thousand pounds.  That early in the year 1831 your Memorialist was induced to proceed to New South Wales for the purpose of conducting a Mercantile establishment between Sydney and this colony, which he carried on partly by means of his own vessels, in the course of which he had the misfortune to lose a new Schooner of one hundred tons burden, the Defiance, in an attempt to save the cargo of the brig Courier, which was wrecked in Bass Strait in July1833, and as the proceeding thither was a deviation from the voyage, the Insurance was lost.

That Your Memorialist had deferred making application to Your Excellency for a Grant of Land in consequence of his determination not to do so until by his industry and application to business he had increased his capital to such an extent as should enable him to settle upon whatever Land he might obtain and personally devote his whole attention to its cultivation and improvement.  That unfortunately during his absence at Sydney the new Regulations took place by which, as Your Memorialist is informed Your Excellency is prevented from the disposal of Law unless under such circumstances, as shall induce Your Excellency to consider that the Applicant has a fair claim for favorable consideration.

Your Memorialist humbly submits his case to Your Excellency, and prays of Your Excellency to bestow on him a Grant of Land equal to the means he possesses, of cultivating and improving it.  And should Your Excellency consider the Regulations preclude Your Excellency from bestowing that favour upon Your Memorialist, that Your Excellency will be pleased to subject his case to the favourable consideration of the Secretary of State, and Your Memorialist as in duty bound will be ever grateful.

23 September 1836

(A copy of the handwritten letter is on file but typed out for easier reading).

John C Macdougall requests grant for 100 acres for Jetty & Ferry/Punt

 at Pittwater May 1837

Re Ferry, Pittwater

Location Order for 5 acres issued to James Honey, to establish a Ferry at Pittwater – date not given.  Ditto apparently never issued.  J.C.Macdougall put up a house, and found Punt and boats – cost above 400 pounds.  Honey failed with the Ferry, which was taken on by different persons, with varying success.  The Punt was lost in a storm – there was no jetty to shelter it and the boats.  Macdougall asks for a grant of 50 acres on each side of the water.  If granted, he will provide a jetty and maintain an effective service.  Survey Cert. replies that on one side Richard Lewis holds the land and this desired area on the other is required for a township but “is sure that the ….will allow very practicable assistance” to the undertaking.
File ends

Death Notice of John Macdougall in "Colonial Times and Tasmanian", 

Tuesday, November 18, 1845


DEATH - Last night at 10 o'clock, of Aneurism of the Arterial System, Mr.John Macdougall, Father of the Proprietor of this Journal, aged sixty-four.

Friends are respectfully informed that his Funeral will take place on Thursday next, the 20th instant, at 3 o'clock p.m. from his late residence, New Town Road, to the Presbyterian Burial Ground.

Sheriff of the Colony (J.T.Crouch Esq) wrote to son Archibald Macdougall
He who has gone has left proof of the exchange being a happy one, and we have the joy of spending an eternity with him.  Your revered, and universally beloved parent, had an Aneurism in his left thigh, and was induced to submit to an operation on the 5th November (it being performed by Dr.Officer, in the presence of Drs. Agnew, Crowther and Casey). The sufferer did apparently well for several days, and Dr.Officer told my good wife he had no doubt your dear father's life had been prolonged several years by his abstemious habits. About 9 days after the operation all hopes were given up and he lingered in great and excruciating pain until the evening of Monday, the 17th November, when he breathed his last, in the presence of all members of his family, except two.  He was fully sensible to the last, where I had the privilege of attending to his wants, and he gave us the most delightful proofs of his hope beyond the grave; indeed, his expressions and smiles were such as to induvce those around his bed to silently exclaim, "Let my last end be like his".  He was interred in the Scottish Burial Ground on Thursday, the 20th, followed by a long train of mourning friends.

Son John Campbell Macdougall was suddenly called upon to take the management of affairs.  On the evening of him returning to Scotland, he met with an accident and shortly afterwards died of its effects on 21 July 1848.

Death Notice – John Campbell Macdougall

“Colonial Times” and “Tasmanian”, Thursday July 25, 1848

A painful duty devolves upon us, in the making known to the supporters of this journal the almost sudden death of the late proprietor, Mr. J.C.Macdougall.  About a week previously, that gentleman had been confined to his dwelling through indisposition, and on Friday last had, to all appearances, so far recovered as to be enabled to attend to the publication of the last number of this journal.  Indeed he considered himself fast recovering, and was giving directions for the business of the present week, when the hand of death struck the fatal blow, and he expired, seated as he was in his chair, without apparently suffering the slightest pain.

To detail the events of this gentleman’s career during his long residence in this colony is unnecessary, for from the time of his arrival to the day of his death (with the exception of a few years) he was connected with the Press, and as such became a public character, and his conduct and actions liable to the censure of approbation of everyone.  His morality was unimpeachable, and if in his public capacity he made enemies, they were but few, and their enmity was caused by his performing that which he considered a public duty.  The support this journal receives is the best proof that can possibly be given as to the manner in which MR. MACDOUGALL was respected in his public character.  As A private individual he was much esteemed, and his company courted by a very large portion of his fellow-colonists; and on his departing from this life of tribulation, he was at peace with every fellow-creature.

Sudden death affords as awful lesson.  It proves to us beyond doubt, that “in the midst of life we are in death” – that “we know not what shall be on the morrow – for what is our life?  It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time and then vanisheth away”.  Beautifully expressive is the psalmist, when he pictures the life of man as a flower of the field, and that is so flourishes, but the wind passeth over it, and it is gone and the place thereof knoweth it no more.

The shaft of death brings peace to the victim struck down – with his there remains no rankling wounds to convulse the mortal frame; but, alas! It is those around that suffer.  It is the wife, bereft of the loved partner of her life, that is overwhelmed with anguish – it is the fatherless children that feel the loss of their guide and protector.  And such is the situation of the proprietress of this journal, who is thus suddenly compelled to plunge into the management of a business full of difficulties, in order to support her numerous young children.

We feel satisfied that the widow will succeed in her exertions – that the support received by her husband will be continued to her.  The colonists never hold a deaf ear to the deserving supplicant; and we trust that, in this, her lamentable situation, they will come forward and assist her in her laudable undertaking.
There is one consolation which soothes the mind – it is in the host of formerly unknown friends, who sprang forward to the widow’s assistance directly the demise of her husband became known, and to those it is her desire that her thanks for their kindness should thus be given.

The Funeral will take place at three o’clock to-morrow, and the friends of the deceased are respectfully invited to attend.

 Letters of Administration granted to widow Mary Ann Macdougall

 31 August 1848

In the Administration of John Campbell Macdougall dec.

Citation for Mary Ann Macdougall of Hobart Town
Widow of the said deceased Dated 24 July 1848 Retble 9 August 1848-------------------

Letters of Administration were granted to Mary Ann Macdougall 31 August 1848 upon Bond being given a Copy of which said Letters firstly and of the said Bond secondly hereafter follows------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

In the Supreme Court
of Van Diemen’s Land             

Be it known unto all Men by these presents that on the thirty-first day of October in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and forty eight  Administration of all and singular the goods chattels credits and effects within the Island of Van Diemen’s Land and the Dependencies thereof which were of JOHN CAMPBELL MACDOUGALL late of Hobart Town in Van Diemen’s Land aforesaid Newspaper Proprietor and Printer deceased was and is hereby committed to MARY ANN MACDOUGALL of Hobart Town aforesaid the Widow of the Said deceased  She having been first duly sworn that she believed the said John Campbell Macdougall died without a Will that she will well and truly administer all and every the goods chattels credits and effects of the said deceased and pay his lawful debts as far as his said goods chattels credits and effects will extend  And also make and exhibit unto this Honourable Court a full true and perfect Inventory of all and every the goods chattels credits and effects of the said deceased which have or shall come to her hands possession or knowledge or to the hands or possession of any other person or persons for her on or before the thirtieth day of April now next And also render a true account of her Administration on or before the Thirtieth day of October in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and forty nine and afterwards from time to time as she shall be lawfully required And further that she believes the goods chattels rights credits and effects of or belonging to the said deceased at the time of his death did not exceed in value the sum of One thousand two hundred pounds in Van Diemen’s Land and the Dependencies thereof -------------------------
                                Given under my hand and the Seal
                                Of the Supreme Court of Van Diemen’s
                                Land this First day of November
                                One thousand eight hundred and forty eight-------------------------------

                                                                                 By the Court
                                                                                 Wm Sorell

Seal of the Supreme
Court of V.D.Land

                                                                                  (Intestate died 21st July 1848)

Know all Men by these presents that we Mary Ann Macdougall of Hobart Town in Van Diemen’s Land Widow John Jackson of the same place Gentleman and William Murray of the same place Grocer are and each of us is held and firmly bound unto the Sovereign Lady the Queen her heirs and successors in the sum of Two thousand four hundred pounds of lawful money of Great Britain to be paid to the Sovereign Lady the Queen her heirs or successors or her or their assigns for which payment to be well and truly made we jointly and severally bind ourselves and each of us by herself and himself and our and each of our heirs executed and administrators firmly by these presents Sealed with our Seals Dated this Thirtieth day of October in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and forty eight-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Condition of the above written Obligation is that if the above bounden MARY ANN MACDOUGALL Administratrix of the goods chattels and effects of JOHN CAMPBELL MACDOUGALL late of Hobart Town aforesaid Newspaper Proprietor and Printer deceased do make or cause to be made a true and perfect Inventory of all and singular the goods chattels and effects of the said deceased which have or shall come to the hands possession or knowledge of the said Mary Ann Macdougall or to the hand or possession of any other person or persons for her and the same so made do exhibit unto the Supreme Court of Van Diemen’s Land at or before the Thirtieth day of April now next ensuring and all other the goods chattels credits and effects of the said deceased at the time of his death or which at any time afterwards shall come to the hands or possession of the said Mary Ann Macdougall or to the hands or possession of any other person or persons for her shall well and truly administer according to law And further shall make or cause to be made a true and first account of her said Administration at or before the Thirtieth day of October One thousand eight hundred and forty nine and afterwards from time to time as she the said Mary Ann Macdougall shall be lawfully required And all the rest and residue of the said goods chattels credits and effects which shall be found from time to time remaining upon the said Administration Account (the same being first examined and allowed of by the said Supreme Court of Van Diemen’s Land) shall and do pay and dispose of in a due course of Administration or in such manner as the said Court shall direct Then the said Obligation shall be void and of none effect or else it is to be and remain in full force and virture --------------------------------------------------------------------

Signed sealed and delivered                                       M.A.Macdougall
By the said several parties in                                      John Jackson
Presence of--------------------                                      William Murray
         James Gill
         Solicitor & Proctor
         Hobart Town

(Copy of handwritten document on file, but typed for easier reading).

William James Macdougall was the 7th child of John and Davinia Macdougall.  

William was born 1820 and trained as a Medical Practioner.  He was appointed by the Governor Sir John Franklin as House Surgeon which he held office until 1840, then completed his studies at London University College with Honours, and the Royal College of Surgeons, London.

He settled in Birkenhead, England and had 4 daughters.

The Doctor died in 1882 from the same complaint as his father - an anuerism in the thigh. His leg had to be amputated and he sat up and watched the surgeons cut his leg off.  The operation was however too late as mortification had set in.

 St Andrew's Old Presbyterian Burial Ground, Hobart
The plaque says "To the memory of the Scottich Pioneers and to mark their first burial ground". The old tombstones are standing around the perimeter of the now Park at Trinity Hill, Hobart. Both John Macdougall and John Campbell Macdougall were buried at St Andrew's Burial Ground.

St Andrew's Old Presbyterian  Burial Ground at Trinity Hill, Hobart where John & John Campbell Macdougall were buried