Friday, August 17, 2012

Archibald C. & Sarah (Calvert) Macdougall 

 My Great Great Grandfather Archibald Macdougall

Archibald Campbell Macdougall was the 5th child of Captain John Macdougall and his wife Davinia, and only 6 years of age when his father was deported to Van Diemen's Land. He grew up in Hobart, Tasmania.  Born 26 September 1815 in Scotland and died 2 April 1870 in Prahran, Melbourne.
Archibald married Sarah Calvert on 9 September 1837 at St.David's Cathedral, Hobart. 
Sarah gave birth to 11 children, but only 4 sons and 1 daughter survived.

Archibald Campbell Macdougall married Sarah Calvert at St.David's Cathedral 9 September 1837

Interior St David's Cathedral, Hobart


Archibald C Macdougall agrees to Home Allotment 20 December 1831

Survey Office,
20 December 1831

Dear Sir,

In locating the Allotment in Wellington Buildings I hereby pledge myself that I will within 4 months from this date make a footpath nine feet wide along those sides of the Allotment which are bounded by Streets, and I will enclose the same with a good paling fence those sides which front streets being of sawed stuff, That I will commence the erection of a Brick or Stone House with a frontage of not less than Forty five feet within the same period.  Keeping the line of front at a distance of not less than twelve feet from the street or streets, That I will complete this Building (as far as regards the  appearance, within two years from this date, That I will within that period spend at least the erection of Building One Thousand Pounds and That I will not alienate the allotment within the same period of two years but will myself make the improvements required.

I have the honour to be Sir,

Your Obedient Servant,

John Macdougall
Per A. Macdougall

To The Surveyor General.

(A copy of the handwritten letter is on file, but typed out for easier reading).

Wesleyan Missions Poster - Printers Murray & Macdougall 1829

Archibald was a Printer and Publisher like his father and brother. He managed the Launceston paper "The Examiner" where he met Sarah Calvert. He left Van Diemen's Land and arrived in Adelaide on "Lady Emma" on 19 March 1838 with his printing press - the first printing press in South Australia. He published the "Southern Australian" with its first issue in June 1838, in competition with the "South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register".

Colonel William Light (1786 - 1839) was the Founder of Adelaide.  Archibald Macdougall published William Light's rare book "A brief Journal and Australian Diaries" in 1839.

In 1840 Archibald gained the Government printing contract, but this would eventually force him into bankruptcy when the government dishonoured a bill of nearly 1000 pounds.

John Campbell Macdougall's widow Mary Ann enticed Archibald to leave Adelaide and return to Hobart to manage the "Colonial Times" after Archibald's father John Macdougall died in 1845, and his older brother John Campbell died in 1848. This he did after disposing of his Adelaide property.
He brought the "Colonial Times" business into a state of success, but when he expected his reward (a partnership), the widow did not keep her word and from that estranged relationship Archibald left and went to Victoria.  "Colonial Times" was sold when Mary Ann Macdougall married Mr K Robribb in 1855 and moved to Melbourne.

Archiblad Macdougall printed and published the famous book "The Life and Adventures of William Buckley" 1852 in Hobart.  Author John Morgan. A story of a wanderer for thirty two years amongst the Aborigines of the then unexplored country around Port Philip, now the province of Victoria. The saying "You have two hopes - buckleys and none" comes from this story. He also published "The Wild White Man and the Blacks of Victoria" by James Bonwick in 1852 in Hobart.

The Life and Adventures of William Buckley, published by Archibald Macdougall 1852

In January 2013 I found the cave that William Buckley lived in for some time. It is below the Point Lonsdale Lighthouse.  If you want to explore for yourself, take the track to the beach from the Point Lonsdale Lighthouse and turn left. It is immediately under the Lighthouse.  You cannot enter the cave as it is barred up but good to find it.  We enjoyed our lunch on the beach and pondered what it would have been like for William Buckley in those early days.

William Buckley's cave at Point Lonsdale
William Buckley's cave at Point Lonsdale

Archibald and family tried their hand unsuccessfully at finding gold in Castlemaine around 1856 after leaving Hobart.

The family came to Prahran were Archibald worked for "The Argus", managed the "Prahran Chronicle" and started "The Advertiser" in Prahran in late 1860s.

Archibald Macdougall died suddenly of pleuro-pneumonia on 2 April 1870, aged 55 years. He was living at Eastbourne Street, Prahran and buried at St.Kilda Cemetery, Melbourne. Below is his Will written 24 March 1870, just 9 days before his death.

Will and Testament of Archibald Macdougall

This is the last Will and Testament of me Archibald Macdougall of Eastbourne Street in the Borough of Prahran in the Colony of Victoria, Printer.  I give to my dear wife all my household furniture and personal affects in my home.  I give and devise to my sons Archibald Henry Macdougall and John Campbell Macdougall the remainder of my personal estate on trust to invest same in Government or real securities or on freehold estate and pay the annual income and profits thereof unto my dear wife during her life and after her decease in trust to divide the said trust estate equally between and amongst all my children for each of them sole and separate use and benefit, and I appoint the said Archibald Henry Macdougall and John Campbell Macdougall executors of this my Will.  In witness whereof I the said Archibald Macdougall have to this my last Will and Testament set my hand this twenty fourth day of March one thousand eight hundred and seventy.         Signed by A.Macdougall
Signed acknowledgement published and declared by said Testator as and of his last will in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other present at the same time have here unto set our names as witnesses the interlineation initialled – having been first made –       Signed by John Oldham, Melbourne and John Eccleston, Wesleyan Minister South Yarra.
This is the Will marked A referred to in the annexed affidavit of John Oldham sworn before me this day Fourteenth day of April AD 1870.      
 Signed by John ?ailey.  A Commissioner of the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria for taking affidavits.

In the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction
In the Will of Archibald Macdougall late of Eastbourne Street in the Borough of Prahran in the said Colony, Printer.
I, John Oldham of No.43 Bourke Street West in the city of Melbourne in the said Colony one of the attornies of this Honorable Court make oath and say -
1.  That the above named Archibald Macdougall late of Eastbourne Street in the Borough of Prahran in the said Colony, Printer, deceased made his will bearing date the twenty fourth day of March one thousand eight hundred and seventy and hereby appointed his sons Archibald Henry Macdougall of Sandhurst in the said Colony, Salesman and John Campbell Macdougall of Castlemaine in the said Colony, Salesman, Trustees and Executors thereof.
2.  That the said Will is hereunto annexed marked with the letter A.
3.  That the said will was executed by the said Archibald Macdougall in the presence of me and one John Eggleston, a Wesleyan Minister, that we were both present at the same time and at the request of the said Archibald Macdougall in his presence and in the presence of each other we subscribed our names as witnesses attesting the due execution of the said Will.
4.  That all the alterations and interlineations in the said Will were made by me at the request of the said Testator and before he signed the same.
Sworn at the said City of Melbourne this Fourteenth day of April in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy         Before me   Signed  John ?ailey.       A Commissioner of the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria for taking affidavits

(A copy of the hand written Will and Testament is on file, but typed out for easier reading). 

Archibald Campbell Macdougall  26 September 1815 - 2 April 1870 with son Archibald Henry Macdougall

Sarah Macdougall, wife of A C Macdougall 20 September 1815 - 10 July 1882
Archibald Henry Macdougall 16.February 1841 - 18 August 1895

Archibald Henry Macdougall with son Archibald Wm.Walter Macdougall 1867 - 1936

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